Refereed Journal Papers    Editorials and Comments    Book  Chapters    Conference Proceedings    Patents     Conference Presentations and Extended Abstracts

REFEREED JOURNAL PUBLICATIONS AFTER JOINING RICE (* indicates Lou group students or postdocs, underline indicates corresponding authors)


  1. Yingchao Yang*, Nam Dong Kim, Vikas Varshney, Sangwook Sihn, Yilun Li, Ajit K. Roy, James M. Tour, and Jun Lou, In Situ Mechanical Investigation of Carbon Nanotube-Graphene Junction in Three-Dimensional Carbon Nanostructures, Nanoscale, 2017, DOI: 10.1039/c6nr09897e.
  2. A. Neumann, J. Lindlau, L. Colombier, M. Nutz, S. Najmaei*, J. Lou, A.D. Mohite, H. Yamaguchi, and A. Hogele, Opto-valleytronic Imaging of Atomically Thin Semiconductors, Nature Nanotechnology, published online. DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2016.282
  3. G. Ye, Y. Gong, S. Lei, Y. He, B. Li, X. Zhang, Z. Jin*, L. Dong, J. Lou, R. Vajtai, W. Zhou, P.M. Ajayan, Synthesis of large-scale atomic layer SnS2 through chemical vapor deposition method, Nano Research, published online. DOI: 10.1007/s12274-017-1436-3
  4. P.S. Owuor*, Y. Yang, T. Kaji, R. Koizumi, S. Ozden, R. Vajtai, J. Lou, E.S. Penev, B.I. Yakobson, C.S. Tiwary, P.M. Ajayan, Enhancing Mechanical Properties of Nanocomposites Using Interconnected Carbon Nanotubes (iCNT) as Reinforcement, Advanced Engineering Materials, Published online. DOI: 10.1002/adem.201600499
  5. Y. Yang*, C. Ramirez, X. Wang, Z. Guo, A. Tokranov, R. Zhao, I. Szlufarska, J. Lou, B.W. Sheldon, Impact of carbon nanotube defects on fracture mechanisms in ceramic nanocomposites, Carbon, Vol. 115, 402-408, 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2017.01.029
  6. X. Li, Y. Yang*, Y. Zhao, J. Lou, X. Zhao, R. Wang, Q. Liang, Z. Huang, Electrospinning fabrication and in situ mechanical investigation of individual graphene nanoribbon reinforced carbon nanofiber, Carbon, Vol. 114, 717-723, 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2016.12.082
  7. P.S. Owuor*, T. Tsafack, H.Y. Hwang, O. Park, S. Ozden, S. Bhowmick, S.A. Asif, R. Vajtai, J. Lou, C.S. Tiwary, P.M. Ajayan, Role of Atomic Layer Functionalization in Building Scalable Bottom-Up Assembly of Ultra-Low Density Multifunctional Three-Dimensional Nanostructures, ACS Nano, Vol. 11 (1), 806-813, 2017. DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.6b07249
  8. X. Liang, Y. Yang*, J. Lou, B.W. Sheldon, The impact of core-shell nanotube structures on fracture in ceramic nanocomposites, Acta Materialia, Vol. 122, 82-91, 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.actamat.2016.09.033
  9. A. Chipara, P.S. Owuor*, S. Bhowmick, G. Brunetto, S.A. Asif, M. Chipara, R. Vajtai, J. Lou, D.S. Galvao, C.S. Tiwary, P.M. Ajayan, Structural Reinforcement through Liquid Encapsulation, Advanced Materials Interfaces, Vol. 4 (2), 1660781, 2017. DOI: 10.1002/admi.201600781
  10. L. Chen, Y. Li, Q. Du, Z. Wang, Y. Xia, E. Yedinak*, J. Lou, L. Ci, High performance agar/graphene oxide composite aerogel for methylene blue removal, Carbohydrate Polymers, Vol. 155, 345-353, 2017. DOI: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2016.08.047
  11. Y. Yang*, X. Li, M. Wen, E. Hacopian*, W. Chen*, Y. Gong, J. Zhang*, B. Li, W. Zhou, P.M. Ajayan, Q. Chen, T. Zhu and J. Lou, Brittle Fracture of 2D MoSe2, Advanced Materials, Vol. 29 (2), 1604201, 2017. DOI: 10.1002/adma.201604201


  1. R. Koizumi, A.H.C. Hart, G. Brunetto, S. Bhowmick, P.S. Owuor*, J.T. Hamel, A.X. Gentles, S. Ozden, J. Lou, R. Vajtai, S.A. Asif, D.S. Galvao, C.S. Tiwary, P.M. Ajayan, Mechano-chemical stabilization of three-dimensional carbon nanotube aggregates, Carbon, Vol. 110, 27-33, 2016. DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2016.08.085
  2. M. Li*, Y. Wan, L. Tu, Y. Yang*, J. Lou, The Effect of VMoS3 Point Defect on the Elastic Properties of Monolayer MoS2 with REBO Potentials, Nanoscale Research Letters, Vol. 11, 155, 2016. DOI: 10.1186/s11671-016-1377-x
  3. Z. Dai, Y. Wang, L. Liu, X. Liu, P.H. Tan, Z. Xu, J. Kuang, Q. Liu, J. Lou, Z. Zhong, Hierarchical Graphene Based Films with Dynamic Self-stiffening for Biomimetic Artificial Muscle, Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 26 (38), 7003-7010, 2016. DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201503917
  4. X. She, J. Wu*, J. Zhong, H. Xu, Y. Yang*, R. Vajtai, J. Lou, Y. Liu, D. Du, H. Li and P.M. Ajayan, Oxygenated Monolayer Carbon Nitride for Efficient Photocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution and External Quantum Efficiency, Nano Energy, Vol. 27, 138-146, 2016. DOI: 0.1016/j.nanoen.2016.06.042
  5. Y. Yang*, W. Chen*, E. Hacopian*, P. Dong*, A. Sun*, L. Ci, and J. Lou, Unveil the Size-Dependent Mechanical Behaviors of Individual CNT/SiC Composite Nanofibers by In-Situ Tensile Tests in SEM, Small, Vol. 12 (33), pp. 4486-4491, 2016.  DOI: 10.1002/smll.201601113
  6. B. Li, Y. Gong, Z. Hu, G. Brunetto, Y. Yang*, G. Ye, Z. Zhang, S. Lei, Z. Jin*, E. Bianco, X. Zhang, W. Wang, J. Lou, D.S. Galvao, M. Tang, B. Yakobson, R. Vajtai, P.M. Ajayan, Solid-Vapor Reaction Growth of Transition Metal Dichalcogenides Monolayers, Angewandte Chemie, Vol. 128 (36), 10814-10819, 2016. DOI: 10.1002/ange.201604445
  7. H. Chen, X. Wen*, J. Zhang*, T. Wu, Y. Gong, X. Zhang, J. Yuan*, C. Yi, J. Lou, P.M. Ajayan, W. Zhuang, G. Zhang, J. Zheng, Ultrafast Formation of Interlayer Hot Excitons in Atomically Thin MoS2/WS2 Heterostructures, Nature Communications, Vol. 7, 12512, 2016. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms12512
  8. H. Tsai*, W. Nie, J. Blancon, C.C. Stoumpos, R. Asadpour, B. Harutyunyan, R. Verduzco, J. Crochet, S. Tretiak, L. Pedesseau, J. Even, M.A. Alam, G. Gupta, J. Lou, P.M. Ajayan, M.J Bedzyk, M.G. Kanatzidis and A.D. Mohite, High-efficiency two-dimensional Ruddlesden-Popper perovskite solar cells, Nature, Vol. 536, 312-316, 2016. DOI: 10.1038/nature18306
  9. J. Zhang*, Y. Yang* and J. Lou, Investigation of Hexagonal Boron Nitride as an Atomically Thin Corrosion Passivation Coating in Aqueous Solution, Nanotechnology, Vol. 27, 364004, 2016. DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/27/36/364004
  10. J. Wu*, Z. Hu, Z. Jin*, S. Lei, H. Guo*, K. Chatterjee, J. Zhang*, Y. Yang*, B. Li, Y. Liu, J. Lai, R. Vajtai, B. Yakobson, M. Tang, J. Lou, P.M. Ajayan, Spiral Growth of SnSe2 Crystals by Chemical Vapor Deposition, Advanced Materials Interfaces, Vol. 3 (16), 16000383, 2016. DOI: 10.1002/admi.201600383
  11. L. Cao*, Y. Wang, P. Dong*, S. Vinod, J.T. Tijerina, P.M. Ajayan, Z. Xu, J. Lou, Interphase Induced Dynamic Self-Stiffening in Graphene-Based Polydimethylsiloxane Nanocomposites, Small, Vol. 12 (27), pp. 3723-3731, 2016. DOI: 10.1002/smll.201600170
  12. Y. Yang*, C. Flatebo*, J. Liang*, P. Dong*, J. Yuan*, T. Wang, J. Zhang, W. Chen*, J. Wu*, P.M. Ajayan, L. Ci, Q. Li and J. Lou, Towards Methyl Orange Degradation by Direct Sunlight Using Coupled TiO2 Nanoparticles and Carbonized Cotton T-Shirt, Applied Materials Today, Vol. 3, 57-62, 2016. DOI: 10.1016/j.apmt.2016.03.004
  13. D.R. Cummins, U. Martinez, A. Sherehiy, R. Kappera, A. Martinez- Garcia, R. Schulze, J. Jasinski, J. Zhang*, R.K. Gupta, J. Lou, M. Chhowalla, G. Sumanasekera, A.D. Mohite, M.K. Sunkara, G. Gupta, Efficient Hydrogen Evolution in TMDs via a Simple One-Step Hydrazine Reaction, Nature Communications, Vol. 7, 11857, 2016. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms11857
  14. W.J. Hardy, J. Yuan*, H. Guo*, P. Zhou, J. Lou and D. Natelson, Thickness-Dependent and Magnetic-Field-Driven Suppression of Antiferromagnetic Order in Thin V5S8 Single Crystals, ACS Nano, Vol. 10 (6), 5941-5946, 2016. DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.6b01269
  15. J. Shen, J. Wu*, P. Dong*, J. Xu, X. Li, X. Zhang, J. Yuan, X. Wang, M. Ye, R. Vajtai, J. Lou and P.M. Ajayan, Surface Tension Components Based Selection of Cosolvents for Efficient Liquid Phase Exfoliation of 2D Materials, Small, Vol. 12 (20), 2741-2749, 2016. DOI: 10.1002/smll.201503834
  16. S. Lei, X. Wang, B. Li, J. Kang, Y. He, A. George, L. Ge, Y. Gong, P. Dong*, Z. Jin*, G. Brunetto, W. Chen*, Z. Lin, R. Baines,  D.S. Galvão, J. Lou, E. Barrera, K. Banerjee, R. Vajtai, P. Ajayan, Surface Functionalization of Two-Dimensional Metal Chalcogenides by Lewis Acid-Base Chemistry, Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 11 (5), 465-471, 2016. DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2015.323
  17. Y. He, Y. Yang, Z. Zhang, Y. Gong, W. Zhou, Z. Hu, G. Ye, X. Zhang, E. Bianco, S. Lei, Z. Jin*, X. Zou, Y. Yang, Y. Zhang, E. Xie, J. Lou, B. Yakobson, R. Vajtai, B. Li, P. Ajayan, Strain-Induced Electronic Structure Changes in Stacked van der Waals Heterostructures, Nano Letters, Vol. 16 (5), 3314-3320, 2016. DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.6b00932
  18. Z. Zhu, J. Yuan*, H. Zhou, J. Hu, J. Zhang*, C. Wei, F. Yu, S. Chen, Y. Lan, Y. Yang, Y. Wang, C. Niu, Z. Ren, J. Lou, Z. Wang, and J. Bao, Excitonic Resonant Emission-Absorption of Surface Plasmon in Transition Metal Dichalcogenides for Chip-level Electronic-Photonic Integrated Circuits, ACS Photonics, Vol. 3 (5), 869-874, 2016. DOI: 10.1021/acsphotonics.6b00101
  19. L. Wang, B. Wei, P. Dong*, Q. Miao, Z. Liu*, F. Xu, J. Wu*, J. LouR. Vajtai and W. Fei, Large-scale synthesis of few-layer graphene from Magnesium and different carbon sources and its application in dye-sensitized Solar Cells, Materials & Design, Vol. 92, 462-470, 2016. DOI: 10.1016/j.matdes.2015.12.075
  20. J. Wu*, M. Liu, K. Chatterjee, K.P. Hanckenberg1, J. Shen, X. Zou, Y. Yan, J. Gu, Y. Yang*, J. Lou, P. M. Ajayan, Exfoliated 2D Transition Metal Disulfides for Enhanced Electrocatalysis of Oxygen Evolution Reaction in Acidic Medium, Advanced Materials Interfaces, Vol. 3 (9), 1500669, 2016. DOI: 10.1002/admi.201500669
  21. P. Dong*, A.C. Chipara, P. Loya*, Y. Yang*, L. Ge, S. Lei, B. Li, G. Brunetto, L.D. Machado, L. Hong, Q. Wang*, B. Yang*, H. Guo*, E. Ringe, D.S. Galvao, R.Vajtai, M. Chipara, M. Tang, J. Lou, P.M. Ajayan, A Solid-liquid Self-adaptive Polymeric Composite, ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, Vol. 8, 2142-2147, 2016. DOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b10667
  22. S. Najmaei*, S. Lei, R.A. Burke, B.M. Nichols, A. George, P.M. Ajayan, A.D. Franklin, J. Lou, M. Dubey, Enabling Ultrasensitive Photo-detection Through Control of Interface Properties in Molybdenum Disulfide Atomic Layers, Scientific Reports, Vol. 6, 39465, 2016. DOI: 10.1038/srep39465
  23. J. Wu*, S. Ma, J. Sun, J.I. Gold, C.S. Tiwary, B. Kim, L. Zhu, N. Chopra, I.N. Odeh, R. Vajtai, A.Z. Yu, R. Luo, J. Lou, G. Ding, P.J.A. Kenis, P.M. Ajayan, A metal-free electrocatalyst for carbon dioxide reduction to multi-carbon hydrocarbons and oxygenates, Nature Communications, Vol. 7, 13869, 2016. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms13869
  24. Z. Dai, C. Weng, L. Liu, Y. Hou, X. Zhao, J. Kuang, J. Shi, Y. Wei, J. Lou, Z. Zhong, Multifunctional Polymer-Based Graphene Foams with Buckled Structure and Negative Poisson’s Ratio, Scientific Reports, Vol. 6, 32989, 2016. DOI: 10.1038/srep32989
  25. S. Xu, S. Joseph, H. Zhang, J. Lou, Y. Lu, Controllable high-throughput fabrication of porous gold nanorods driven by Rayleigh instability, RSC Advances, Vol. 6 (71), 66484-66489, 2016. DOI: 10.1039/C6RA11050A
  26. M. Seo, H. Yamaguchi, A.D. Mohite, S. Boubanga-Tombet, J.C. Blancon, S. Najmaei*, P.M. Ajayan, J.  Lou, A.J. Taylor, and R.P. Prasankumar, Ultrafast Optical Microscopy of Single Monolayer Molybdenum Disulfide Flakes, Scientific Reports, Vol. 6, article number 21601, 2016. DOI:10.1038/srep21601
  27. I. Abid,  A. Bohloul,  S. Najmaei*,  C. Avendano,  H.-L. Liu,  R. Péchou,  A. Mlayah, and J. Lou, Resonant surface plasmons-excitons interaction in hybrid MoSe2@Au nanostructures, Nanoscale, Vol. 8, 8151-8159, 2016.
  28. J. Wu*, M. Liu, P. Sharma, Y. Ram, L. Ma, Y. Yang*, X. Zou, X.D. Zhou, R. Vajtai, B.I. Yakobson, J. Lou, P. Ajayan, Incorporation of Nitrogen Defects for Efficient Reduction of CO2 via Two-Electron Pathway on Three Dimensional Graphene Foam, Nano Letters, Vol. 16(1), 466-470, 2016. DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b04123


  1. L Yang, W Chen*, KM McCreary, BT Jonker, J Lou, SA Crooker, Spin Coherence and Dephasing of Localized Electrons in Monolayer MoS2, Nano Letters, Vol. 15(12), 8250-8254, 2015. DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b03771
  2. Y. Yang*, X. Liang, W. Chen*, L. Cao*, M. Li*, B.W. Sheldon, and J. Lou, Quantification and Promotion of Interfacial Interactions between Carbon Nanotubes and Polymer Derived Ceramics, Carbon, Vol. 95, 964-971, 2015. DOI: 10.1016/j.carbon.2015.08.104
  3. P. Sharma, J. Wu*, R.M. Yadav, M. Liu, C.J. Wright, C.S. Tiwary, B.I. Yakobson, J. Lou, P.M. Ajayan, and X.D. Zhou, Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Nanotube Arrays for High-Efficiency Electrochemical Reduction of CO2 : On the Understanding of Defects, Defect Density, and Selectivity, Angewandte Chemie, Vol. 54(46), 13701-13705, 2015. DOI: 10.1002/anie.201506062
  4. J. Yuan*, J. Wu*, W.J. Hardy, P. Loya*, M. Lou, Y. Yang*, S. Najmaei*, M. Jiang*, F. Qin, K. Keyshar, H. Ji, W. Gao, J. Bao, J. Kono, D. Natelson, P.M. Ajayan, J. Lou, Facile Synthesis of Single Crystal Vanadium Disulfide Nanosheets by Chemical Vapor Deposition for Efficient Hydrogen Evolution Reaction, Advanced Materials, Vol. 27(37), 5605-5609, 2015. DOI: 10.1002/adma.201502075
  5. L Yang, NA Sinitsyn, W Chen*, J Yuan*, J Zhang*, J Lou, SA Crooker, Long-lived nanosecond spin relaxation and spin coherence of electrons in monolayer MoS2 and WS2, Nature Physics, Vol. 11(10), 830-834, 2015. DOI:10.1038/nphys3419
  6. J. Liang, Y. Yang*, J. Zhang*, J. Wu*, P. Dong*, J. Yuan*, G. Zhang and J. Lou, Metal Diselenide Nanoparticles as Highly Active and Stable Electrocatalyst for Hydrogen Evolution Reaction, Nanoscale, Vol. 7(36), 14813-14816, 2015. DOI: 10.1039/c5nr03724g
  7. J. Kern, A. Trügler, I. Niehues, J. Ewering, R. Schmidt, R. Schneider, S. Najmaei*, A. George, J. Lou, U. Hohenester, S. Michaelis de Vasconcellos & R. Bratschitsch, Nanoantenna-enhanced light-matter interaction in atomically thin WS2, ACS Photonics, Vol. 2(9), 1260-1265, 2015. DOI: 10.1021/acsphotonics.5b00123
  8. B. Li, G. Shi, S. Lei, Y. He, W. Gao, Y. Gong, G. Ye, W. Zhou, K. Keyshar, J. Hao, P. Dong*, L. Ge, J. Lou, J. Kono, R. Vajtai, P. Ajayan, 3D Band Diagram and Photoexcitation of 2D-3D Semiconductor Heterojunctions, Nano Letters, Vol. 15(9), 5919-5925, 2015. DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b02012
  9. Y. Gong, S. Lei, G. Ye, B. Li, Y. He, K. Keyshar, X. Zhang, Q. Wang, J. Lou, Z. Liu*, R. Vajtai, W. Zhou, P. Ajayan, Two-Step Growth of Two-Dimensional WSe2/MoSe2 Heterostructures, Nano Letters, Vol. 15(9), 6135-6141, 2015. DOI: 10.1021/acs.nanolett.5b02423
  10. B. Li, Y. He, S. Lei, S. Najmaei*, Y. Gong, X. Wang, J. Zhang, L. Ma, Y. Yang*, S. Hong, J. Hao, G. Shi, A. George, K. Keyshar, P. Dong*, L. Ge, R. Vajtai, J. Lou, Y.J. Jung, P.M. Ajayan, Scalable Transfer of Suspended Two Dimensional Single Crystals, Nano Letters, Vol. 15(8), 5089-5097, 2015.
  11. J. Shen, Y. He, J. Wu*, C. Gao, K. Keyshar, X. Zhang, Y. Yang*, M. Ye, R. Vajtai, J. Lou and P.M. Ajayan, Liquid phase exfoliation of two-dimensional materials by directly probing and matching surface tension components, Nano Letters, Vol. 15(8), 5449-5454, 2015.
  12. J Wu*, L Ma, RM Yadav, Y Yang*, X Zhang, R Vajtai, J Lou, PM Ajayan, Nitrogen-Doped Graphene with Pyridinic Dominance as a Highly Active and Stable Electrocatalyst for Oxygen Reduction, ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, Vol. 7(27), 14763-14769, 2015
  13. M. Yadav, J. Wu*, R. Kochandra, L. Ma, C.S. Tiwary, L. Ge, G. Ye, R. Vajtai, J. Lou and P.M. Ajayan, Carbon Nitrogen Nanotubes as Bifunctional Electrocatalysts for High Performance Oxygen Reduction and Evolution Reactions, ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, Vol. 7 (22), 11991-12000, 2015.
  14. Zhang*, J.H. Lee, J. Lou and Y.F. Gao, Size Dependent, Thermally Activated Atomic Friction, Extreme Mechanics Letters, Vol. 2, 20-24, 2015. DOI: 10.1016/j.eml.2015.01.005
  15. J. Wu*, R.M. Yadav, M. Liu, P. Sharma, C.S. Tiwary, L. Ma, X. Zou, X.D. Zhou, B.I. Yakobson, J. Lou and P.M. Ajayan, Achieving Highly Efficient, Selective, and Stable CO2 Reduction on Nitrogen-Doped Carbon Nanotubes, ACS Nano, Vol. 9 (5), 5364-5371, 2015.
  16. Lei, F. Wen, L. Ge, S. Najmaei*, A. George, Y. Gong, W. Gao, Z. Jin, J. Lou, G. Gupta, A.D. Mohite, J. Kono, R. Vajtai, P.M. Ajayan, N.J. Halas, An Atomically Layered InSe Avalanche Photodetector, Nano Letters, Vol. 15 (5), 3048-3055, 2015.
  17. Zeng, H. Wang, W. Fu, Y. Gong, W. Zhou, P.M. Ajayan, J. Lou and Z. Liu, Band Engineering for Novel Two-Dimensional Atomic Layers, Small, Vol. 11 (16), 1868-1884, 2015. DOI: 10.1002/smll.201402380
  18. Tsai, D.W. Howell, Z. Huang, H. Hsiao, Y. Lu*, K.S. Matthews, J. Lou and Sarah E. Bondos, The Effect of Protein Fusions on the Production and Mechanical Properties of Protein-based Materials, Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 25 (9), 1442-1450, 2015.
  19. C. Durand, X. Zhang, J. Fowlkes, S. Najmaei*, J. Lou, A.P. Li, Defect-mediated transport and electronic irradiation effect in individual domains of CVD-grown monolayer MoS2, Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology B, Vol. 33 (2), article number 02B110, 2015.
  20. Y. Gong, H. Fei, X. Zou, W. Zhou, S. Yang, G. Ye, Z. Liu*, Z. Peng, J. Lou, R. Vajtai, B.I. Yakobson, J.M. Tour and P.M. Ajayan, Boron- and Nitrogen-Substituted Graphene Nanoribbons as Efficient Catalysts for Oxygen Reduction Reaction, Chemistry of Materials, Vol. 27 (4), 1181-1186, 2015.
  21. Yuan*, S. Najmaei*, Z. Zhang, J. Zhang*, S. Lei, P.M. Ajayan, B. Yakobson and J. Lou, Photoluminescence Quenching and Charge Transfer in Artificial Hetero-Stacks of Monolayer Transition Metal Dichalcogenides and Few-Layer Black Phosphorus, ACS Nano, Vol. 9 (1), 555-563, 2015. DOI: 10.1021/nn505809d
  22. A.J. Kessman, J. Zhang*, S. Vasudevan, J. Lou, B.W. Sheldon, Carbon nanotube pullout, interfacial properties, and toughening in ceramic nanocomposites: mechanistic insights from single fiber pullout, Advanced Materials Interfaces, Vol. 2 (2), Article number 1400110, 2015. DOI: 10.1002/admi.201400110
  23. S. Najmaei*, J. Yuan*, J. Zhang*, P.M. Ajayan and J. Lou, Synthesis and Defect Characterization of Two-Dimensional Molybdenum Disulfide, invited review, Account of Chemical Research, Vol. 48 (1), 31-40, 2015. DOI: 10.1021/ar500291j
  24. Lei, F. Wen, B. Li, Q. Wang*, Y. Huang, Y. Gong, Y. He, P. Dong*, J. Bellah, A. George, L. Ge, J. Lou, N.J. Halas, R. Vajtai, P.M. Ajayan, An Optoelelctronic Memory using Two-Dimensional Materials, Nano Letters, Vol. 15 (1), 259-265, 2015. DOI: 10.1021/nl503505f
  25. Hwang, M. Kang, S. Lee, C.R. Weinberger, P. Loya*, J. Lou, S.H. Oh, B. Kim and S.M. Han, Effect of Surface Energy on Size-dependent Deformation Twinning of Eefect-free Au Nanowires, Nanoscale, Vol. 7(38), 15657-15664, 2015
  26. Yamaquchi, J. Blancon, R. Kappera, S. Lei, S. Najmaei*, B. Magnum, G. Gupta, P.M. Ajayan, J. Lou, M. Chhowalla, J. Crochet and A. Mohite, Spatially resolved photo-excited charge carrier dynamics in phase-engineered monolayer MoS2, ACS Nano, Vol. 9 (1), 840-849, 2015. DOI: 10.1021/nn506469v
  27. Wu, D.P. Wang, V. Kumar, K. Zhou, A.W.K. Law, P.S. Lee, Z. Chen, J. Lou, MOFs-Derived Copper Sulfides Embedded within Porous Carbon Octahedra for Electrochemical Capacitor Applications, ChemComm, Vol. 51 (15), 3109-3112, 2015.
  28. G. Su, V.G. Hadjiev, P.E. Loya*, J. Zhang*, S. Lei, S. Maharjan, P.M. Ajayan, J. Lou and H. Peng, Chemical vapor deposition of thin crystals of layered semiconductor SnS2 for fast photodetection application, Nano Letters, Vol. 15 (1), 506-513, 2015. DOI: 10.1021/nl503857r


  1. S. Najmaei*, A. Mlayah, A. Arbouet, C. Girard, J. Leotin and J. Lou, Plasmonic Pumping of Excitonic Photoluminescence in Hybrid MoS2-Au Nanostructures, ACS Nano, Vol. 8 (12), 12682-12689, 2014. DOI: 10.1021/nn5056942
  2. J. Lee, P. Loya*, J. Lou and E.L. Thomas, Extreme Dynamic Mechanical Behavior of Multilayer Graphene via Supersonic Projectile Ballistic Penetration, Science, Vol. 346, 1092-1096, 2014. DOI: 10.1126/science.1258544
  3. Z. Liu*, M. Amani, S. Najmaei*, Q. Xu, X. Zou, W. Zhou, T. Yu, C. Qiu, A. G. Birdwell, F. J. Crowne, R. Vajtai, B. I. Yakobson, Z. Xia, M. Dubey, P. M. Ajayan, and J. Lou, Strain and Structure Heterogeneity in MoS2 Atomic Layers Grown by Chemical Vapor Deposition, Nature Communications, Vol. 5, article number 5246, 2014. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms6246
  4. P. Dong*, Y. Zhu, J. Zhang*, C. Peng*, Y. Zheng, L. Li, Z. Peng, G. Ruan, H. Lin, J. Tour, J. Lou, Graphene on Metal Grid as the Transparent Conductive Material for Dye Sensitized Solar Cell, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 118(45), 25863-25868, 2014. DOI: 10.1021/jp505735j
  5. S. Lei, A. Sobhani, F. Wen, A. George, Q. Wang, Y. Huang, P. Dong*, B. Li, S. Najmaei*, J. Bellah, G. Gupta, A.D. Mohite, L. Ge, J. Lou, N.J. Halas, R. Vajtai, P.M. Ajayan, Ternary CuIn7Se11: Towards Ultra-Thin Layered Photodetectors and Photovoltaic Devices, Advanced Materials, Vol. 26 (45), 7666-7672, 2014. DOI: 10.1002/adma.201403342
  6. P. Dong*, Y. Zhu, J. Zhang*, H. Lin, R.H. Hauge, J. Tour, J. Lou, Vertically Aligned Carbon nanotubes/Graphene Hybrid Electrode as a TCO- and Pt-free flexible Cathode for Solar Cell Applications, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 2, 20902-20907, 2014. DOI: 10.1039/C4TA05264A
  7. Y. Gong, J. Lin, X. Wang, G. Shi, S. Lei, Z. Lin, X. Zou, G. Ye, R. Vajtai, B.I. Yakobson, H. Terrones, M. Terrones, B.K. Tay, J. Lou, S.T. Pantelides, Z. Liu*, W. Zhou, P.M. Ajayan, Vertical and In-plane Heterostructures from WS2/MoS2 Monolayers, Nature Materials, Vol. 13, 1135-1142, 2014. DOI:10.1038/nmat4091
  8. Y. Kang, S. Najmaei*, Z. Liu*, Y. Bao, Y. Wang, X. Zhu, P.M. Ajayan, N.J. Halas, P. Nordlander, J. Lou, Z. Fang, Plasmonic Hot Electron Induced Structural PhaseTransition in Monolayer MoS2, Advanced Materials, Vol. 26(37), 6467-6471, 2014. DOI: 10.1002/adma.201401802
  9. R. Kappera, D. Voiry, S.E. Yalcin, W. Jen, M. Acerce, S. Torrel, B. Branch, S. Lei, W. Chen*, S. Najmaei*, J. Lou, P.M. Ajayan, G. Gupta, A. Mohite and M. Chhowalla, Metallic 1T Phase Source/Drain Electrodes for Field Effect Transistors from CVD MoS2, APL Materials, Vol. 2, 092516, 2014. DOI: 10.1063/1.4896077
  10. S. Najmaei*, M. Amani, M.L. Chin, Z. Liu*, A.G. Birdwell, T.P. O’Regan, P.M. Ajayan, M. Dubey, J. Lou, Electrical Transport Properties of Polycrystalline Monolayer Molybdenum Disulfide, ACS Nano, Vol. 8(8), 7930-7937, 2014. DOI: 10.1021/nn501701a
  11. Y. Deng, Z. Luo, N.J. Conrad, H.Liu, Y. Gong, S. Najmaei*, P.M. Ajayan, J. Lou, X. Xu, and P.D. Ye, Black Phosphorus-Monolayer MoS2 van der Waals Heterojunction P-N Diode, ACS Nano, Vol. 8(8), 8292-8299, 2014. DOI: 10.1021/nn5027388
  12. P.E. Loya*, Y.Z. Xia, C. Peng*, H. Bei, P. Zhang*, J. Zhang*, E.P. George , Y.F. Gao and J. Lou, Yield strength dependence on strain rate of molybdenum-alloy nanofibers, Applied Physics Letter, Vol. 104, 251909, 2014. DOI: 10.1063/1.4885377
  13. Y. Ganesan*, H. Salahshoor, C. Peng*, V. Khabashesku, J. Zhang*, N. Rahbar and J. Lou, Fracture toughness of the sidewall fluorinated carbon nanotube-epoxy interface, Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 105, 224305, 2014. DOI: 10.1063/1.4881882
  14. R. Wu, X. Qian, K. Zhou, J. Wei, J. Lou, P.M. Ajayan, Porous Spinel ZnxCo3-xO4 Hollow Polyhedra Templated from Bimetallic Zeolitic Imidazolate Frameworks for High-Performance Lithium-Ion Batteries, ACS Nano, Vol.  8(6), 6297-6303, 2014. DOI: 10.1021/nn501783n
  15. A. Subramanian, N. Hudak, J. Huang, Y. Zhan*, J. Lou, J. Sullivan, On-chip Lithium Cells for Electrical and Structural Characterization of Single Nanowire Electrodes, Nanotechnology, Vol. 25 (26), 25640202, 2014. DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/25/26/265402.
  16. C. Yu, J. Ma, J. Zhang*, J. Lou and Q. Li, Modulating Colloidal Particle Adhesion with Micro-Patterned Surfaces, ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, Vol. 6 (11), 8199-8207, 2014. DOI: 10.1021/am500887w
  17. M. Amani, M.L. Chin, A.L. Mazzoni, R.A. Burke, S. Najmaei*, P.M. Ajayan, J. Lou and M. Dubey, Growth-substrate Induced Performance Degradation in Chemically Synthesized Monolayer MoS2 Field Effect Transistors, Applied Physics Letter, Vol. 104, 203506-1-4, 2014. DOI: 10.1063/1.4873680
  18. G. Shi, Y. Hanlumyuang, Z. Liu*, Y. Gong, J. Lou, R. Vajtai, P. Sharma, P.M. Ajayan, Boron Nitride – Graphene Nanocapacitor and the Origins of Anomalous Size-dependent Increase of Capacitance, Nano Letters, Vol. 14(4), 1739-1744, 2014. DOI: 10.1021/nl4037824
  19. C. Zhang, J. Lou, J. Song, A Cohesive Law for Interfaces in Graphene/Hexagonal Boron Nitride Heterostructure, Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 115, 144308, 2014. DOI: 10.1063/1.4870825.
  20. X. Wang, Y Gong, G. Shi, W. L. Chow, K. Keyshar, G. Ye, R. Vajtai, J. Lou, Z. Liu*, E. Ringe, B. K. Tay, P. M. Ajayan, Chemical Vapor Deposition Growth of Crystalline Monolayer MoSe2, ACS Nano, Vol. 8(5), 5125-5131, 2014. DOI: 10.1021/nn501175k
  21. P. Zhang*, L. Ma, F. Fan, Z. Zeng, C. Peng*, P.E. Loya*, Z. Liu*, Y. Gong, J. Zhang*, X. Zhang, P.M. Ajayan, T. Zhu, and J. Lou, Fracture Toughness of Graphene, Nature Communications, Vol. 5, article number 3782, 2014. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4782
  22. D. Tang, D.G. Kvashnin, S. Najmaei*, Y. Bando, K. Kimoto, P.M. Ajayan, B.I. Yakobson, P.B. Sorokin, J. Lou, D. Golberg, Nanomechanical cleavage of MoS2 atomic layers, Nature Communications, Vol. 5, article number 3631, 2014. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4631
  23. N. Perea-Lopez, Z. Lin, N. Pradhan, A. Iñiguez-Rábago, A. Elias, A. McCreary, J. Lou, P.M. Ajayan, H. Terrones, L. Balicas, M. Terrones, CVD-grown Monolayered MoS2 as Effective Photo Sensor Operating at Low-Voltage, 2D Materials, Vol. 1, 011004, 2014. DOI: 10.1088/2053-1583/1/1/011004
  24. J. Zhang*, S. Najmaei*, H. Lin and J. Lou, Molybdenum Disulfide Atomic Layers with Artificial Active Edge Sites as Transparent Counter Electrodes for Improved Performance of Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells, Nanoscale, Vol. 6, 5279-5283, 2014. DOI: 10.1039/C3NR05979K
  25. D. Sharma, M. Amani, S. Najmaei*, A. Motayed, P. B. Shah, A.G. Birdwell, P.M. Ajayan, J. Lou, M. Dubey, Q. Li, A. V. Davydov, Effect of High-κ Dielectric Passivation on Electrical Transport and Low-Frequency Noise in Single-Layer MoS2 Devices, Nanotechnology, Vol. 25 (15), 155702, 2014. DOI: 10.1088/0957-4484/25/15/155702
  26. S. Ghosh, S. Najmaei*, S. Kar, R.Vajtai, J. Lou, N.R.Pradhan, L. Balicas, P. M. Ajayan and S. Talapatra, Universal ac Conduction in Large Area Atomic Layers of CVD Grown MoS2, Physical Review B, Vol. 89 (12), 125422, 2014. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.89.125422
  27. S. Najmaei*, A. George, X. Zou,  D. Er, J. Li, Z. Jin, W. Gao, Q. Zhang, S. Park*, L. Ge, S. Lei, J. Kono, V.B. Shenoy, B.I. Yakobson, P.M. Ajayan, J. Lou, Tailoring the physical properties of molybdenum disulphide monolayers by control of interfacial chemistry, Nano Letters, Vol. 14(3), 1354-1361, 2014. DOI: 10.1021/nl404396p
  28. Sobhani, A. Lauchner, S. Najmaei*, C. Ayala-Orozco, F. Wen, J. Lou and N. J. Halas, Enhancing the Photocurrent and Photoluminescence of CVD-Grown Single Crystal Monolayer MoS2 with Resonant Plasmonic Nanoshells, Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 104, 031112-1-4, 2014. DOI: 10.1063/1.4862745
  29. Y. Gong, G. Shi, Zhuhua Zhang, W. Zhou, Jeil Jung, W. Gao, L. Ma, Y. Yang, S. Yang, G. You, R. Vajtai, Q. Xu, A. H. MacDonald, B.I. Yakobson, J. Lou, Z. Liu*, P.M. Ajayan, Direct Chemical Conversion of Graphene to Boron- and Nitrogen- and Carbon-containing Atomic Layers, Nature Communication, Vol. 5, article number 3193, 2014. DOI: 10.1038/ncomms4193
  30. S. Lei, L. Ge, S. Najmaei*, A. George, R. Kappera, J. Lou, M. Chhowalla, H. Yamaguchi, G. Gupta, R. Vajtai, A. Mohite, P.M. Ajayan, Evolution of the Electronic Band Structure and Efficient Photo-detection in Atomic Layers of InSe, ACS Nano, Vol. 8 (2), 1263-1272, 2014.
  31. Y. Gong, Z. Liu*, A.R. Lupini, G. Shi, J. Lin, S. Najmaei*, Z. Lin, A. Elías, A. Berkdemir, G. You, H. Terrones, M. Terrones, R. Vajtai, S.T. Pantelides, S.J. Pennycook, J. Lou, W. Zhou, P.M. Ajayan, Band Gap Engineering and Layer-by-Layer Mapping of Selenium-doped Molybdenum Disulfide, Nano Letters, Vol. 14 (2), 442-449, 2014. DOI: 10.1021/nl4032296
  32. H. Liu, M. Si, Y. Deng, A. Neal, Y. Du, S. Najmaei*, P.M. Ajayan, J. Lou, P. Ye, Switching Mechanism in Single-Layer Molybdenum Disulfide Transistors: an Insight into Current Flow across Schottky Barriers, ACS Nano, Vol. 8 (1), 1031-1038, 2014. DOI: 10.1021/nn405916t
  33. J. Zhang*, Y. Zhang, N. Mara, J. Lou and L. Nicola, Nanoimprinting of single crystalline gold: experiments and dislocation dynamics simulations, Applied Surface Science, Vol. 290, 301-307, 2014. DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2013.11.072


  1. F. Crowne, M. Amani, A. Birdwell, M.L. Chin, T. O’Regan, S. Najmaei*, Z. Liu*, P.M. Ajayan, J. Lou and M. Dubey, Blue shift of the A exciton peak in folded monolayer 1H-MoS2, Physical Review B, Vol. 88, 235302-1-7, 2013. DOI:10.1103/PhysRevB.88.235302
  2. Z. Liu*, Y. Gong, W. Zhou, L. Ma, J. Yu, J.C. Idrobo, R. Vajtai1, J. Jung, A.H. MacDonald, J. Lou and Pulickel M. Ajayan, Ultrathin High Temperature Oxidation Resistant Coatings of Hexagonal Boron Nitride, Nature Communications, Vol. 4, article number 2541, 2013. DOI:10.1038/ncomms3541
  3. J. Zhang*, Y. Sun*, H. Lu*, L. Ci, P.M. Ajayan and J. Lou, Humidity Effects on Anisotropic Nanofriction Behaviors of Aligned Carbon Nanotube Carpets, ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, Vol. 5 (19), 9501–9507, 2013. DOI: 10.1021/am402221u
  4. N.A. Lanzillo, A.G. Birdwell, M. Amani, F.J. Crowne, P.B. Shah, S. Najmaei*, Z. Liu*, P.M. Ajayan, J. Lou, M. Dubey, S.K. Nayak and T.P. O’Regan, Temperature-dependent Phonon Shifts in Monolayer MoS2, Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 103, 093102-1-4, 2013.  DOI: 10.1063/1.4819337.
  5. S. Najmaei*, P.M. Ajayan and J. Lou, Quantitative Analysis of the Temperature Dependency in Raman Active Vibrational Modes of Molybdenum Disulfide Atomic Layers, Nanoscale, Vol. 5 (20), 9758 – 9763, 2013. DOI: 10.1039/C3NR02567E
  6. S. Lei, L. Ge, Z. Liu*, S. Najmaei*, G. Shi, G. You, J. Lou, R.Vajtai, P.M. Ajayan, Synthesis and Photoresponse of Large GaSe Atomic Layers, Nano Letters, Vol. 13 (6), 2777–2781, 2013. DOI: 10.1021/nl4010089
  7. H. Liu, M. Si, S. Najmaei*, A. Neal, Y. Du, P.M. Ajayan, J. Lou, P. Ye, Statistical Study of Deep Sub-Micron Dual-Gated Field-Effect Transistors on Monolayer CVD Molybdenum Disulfide Films, Nano Letters, Vol. 13 (6), 2640–2646, 2013. DOI: 10.1021/nl400778q
  8. W. Zhou, X.  Zou, S. Najmaei*, Z. Liu*, Y. Shi, J. Kong, J. Lou, P.M.  Ajayan, B.I. Yakobson, J.C. Idrobo, Intrinsic Structural Defects in Monolayer Molybdenum Disulfide, Nano Letters, Vol. 13 (6), 2615–2622, 2013. DOI: 10.1021/nl4007479
  9. S. Najmaei*, Z. Liu*, W. Zhou, X. Zou, G. Shi, S. Lei, B.I. Yakobson, J. Idrobo, P. M. Ajayan and J. Lou, Vapor Phase Growth and Grain Boundary Structure of Molybdenum Disulfide Atomic Layers, Nature Materials, Vol. 12, 754–759, 2013. DOI: 10.1038/NMAT3673
  10. F. Hao, P. Dong*, Q. Luo, J. Li, J. Lou and H. Lin, Recent Advances in Alternative Cathode Materials for Iodine-Free Dye-sensitized Solar Cells, Energy and Environmental Science, Vol. 6, 2003-2019, 2013. DOI: 10.1039/C3EE40296G
  11. M. Amani, M.L. Chin, G. Birdwell, T. O’Regan, S. Najmaei*, Z. Liu*, P.M. Ajayan, J. Lou and M. Dubey, Electrical Performance of Monolayer MoS2 Field-effect Transistors Prepared by Chemical Vapor Deposition, Applied Physics Letter, Vol. 102, 193107-1-4, 2013. DOI: 10.1063/1.4804546
  12. N. Kumar, S. Najmaei*, Q. Cui, F. Ceballos, P.M. Ajayan, J. Lou, and H. Zhao, Second harmonic microscopy of monolayer MoS2, Physical Review B, Vol. 87, 161403-1-6, 2013. (Editor’s Suggestions)
  13. Z. Liu*, L. Ma, G. Shi, W. Zhou, Y. Gong, S. Lei, X. Yang, J. Zhang*, J. Yu, K. P. Hackenberg, A. Babakhani, J. Idrobo, R. Vajtai, J. Lou and P. M. Ajayan, In-plane Heterostructures of Graphene and Hexagonal Boron Nitride with Control Domain Sizes, Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 8(2), 119-124, 2013. DOI: 10.1038/NNANO.2012.256
  14. C. Peng*, Y. Zhong, Y. Lu, S. Narayanan, T. Zhu and J. Lou, Strain Rate Dependent Mechanical Properties in Single Crystalline Nickel Nanowires, Applied Physics Letter, Vol. 102, 083102-1-5, 2013. DOI: 10.1063/1.4793481
  15. Z. Yan, L. Ma, Y. Zhu, I. Lahiri, M. Hahm, Z. Liu*, S. Yang, C. Xiang, W. Lu, Z. Peng, Z. Sun, C. Kittrell, J. Lou, W. Choi, P.M. Ajayan and J.M. Tour, 3D Metal-graphene-nanotube Multifunctional Hybrid Materials, ACS Nano, Vol. 7(1), 58-64, 2013. DOI: 10.1021/nn3015882.
  16. C. Peng*, Z. Jia, H. Neilson, T. Li and J. Lou, In Situ Electro-Mechanical Experiments and Mechanics Modeling of Fracture in Indium Tin Oxide-based Multi-layer Electrodes, Advanced Engineering Materials, Vol. 15(4), 250-256, 2013. DOI: 10.1002/adem.201200169


  1. F. Hao, Z. Wang, Q. Luo, X. Wang, J. Li, J. Lou, J.P. Wang, S.S. Fan, K. Jiang, H. Lin, Highly Catalytic Cross-Stacked Superaligned Carbon Nanotube Sheets for Iodine-Free Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells, Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 22, 22756-22762, 2012. DOI: 10.1039/C2JM35095E
  2. J. Zhang*, W. Lu, J.M. Tour and J. Lou, Nanoscale Frictional Characteristics of Graphene Nanoribbons, Applied Physics Letter, Vol. 101, 123104-1-5, 2012. DOI: 10.1063/1.4752724
  3. Z. Jia, C. Peng*, J. Lou and T. Li, A Map of Buckling-driven Failure Modes of Substrate-supported Thin Brittle Films, Thin Solid Films, Vol. 520 (21), 6576-6580, 2012. DOI: 10.1016/j.tsf.2012.07.011
  4. L. Song, Z. Liu*, A.L.M. Reddy, N. T. Narayanan, J. Taha-Tijerina, J. Peng, G. Gao, J. Lou, R. Vajtai and P.M. Ajayan, Binary and Ternary Atomic Layers Built from  Carbon, Boron and Nitrogen, Advanced Materials, Vo. 24, 4878-4895, 2012. DOI: 10.1002/adma.201201792
  5. J. Zhang*, P. Loya*, C. Peng*, V. Khabashesku and J. Lou, Quantitative In-situ Mechanical Characterization of Effects of Chemical Functionalization on Individual Carbon Nanofibers, Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 22(19), 4070-4077, 2012. DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201200593
  6. Z. Liu*, Y. Zhan*, S. Moldovan, M. Gharbi, L. Song, G. Shi, L. Ma, S. Zhao, J. Huang, R. Vajtai, F. Banhart, P. Sharma, J. Lou and P. M. Ajayan, Anomalous High Capacitance in a Coaxial Single Nanowire Capacitor, Nature Communications, Vol. 3, article number 879, 2012. DOI:10.1038/ncomms1833
  7. F. Hao, P. Dong*, J. Zhang*, Y. Zhang, P. Loya*, R.H. Hauge, J. Li, J. Lou and H. Lin, High Electrocatalytic Activity of Vertically Aligned Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes towards Sulfide Redox Shuttles, Scientific Reports, Vol. 2, article number 368, 2012. DOI: 10.1038/srep00368
  8. C. Peng*, Y. Zhan*, and J. Lou, Size Dependent Fracture Modes Transition in Copper Nanowires, Small, Vol. 8 (12), 1889-1894, 2012. DOI: 10.1002/smll.201101911
  9. Y. Zhan*, Z. Liu*, S. Najmaei*, P.M. Ajayan and J. Lou, Large Area Vapor Phase Growth and Characterization of High Quality MoS2 Atomic Layers on SiO2 Substrate, Small, Vol. 8 (7), 966-971, 2012. DOI:10.1002/smll.201102654
  10. C. Peng*, Y. Ganesan*, Y. Lu* and J. Lou, Size Dependent Mechanical Properties of Single Crystalline Nickel Nanowires, Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 111, 063524-1-6, 2012. (Published also in the Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science & Technology, Vol. 25, Issue 15, April 9, 2012;
  11. S. Najmaei*, Z. Liu*, P.M. Ajayan and J. Lou, Thermal effects on the Characteristic Raman Spectrum of Molybdenum Disulfide (MoS2) of Varying Thicknesses, Applied Physics Letter, Vol. 100, 013106-1-4, 2012. DOI:10.1063/1.3673907.
  12. T.N. Narayanan, Z. Liu*, P.R. Lakshmy, W. Gao, Y. Nagaoka, D.S. Kumar, J. Lou, R. Vajtai1 and P.M. Ajayan, Synthesis of Reduced Graphene Oxide–Fe3O4 Multifunctional Freestanding Membranes and Its Temperature Dependent Electronic Transport Properties, Carbon, Vol. 50 (3), 1338-1345, 2012. DOI:10.1016/j.carbon.2011.11.005


  1. Y. Lu*, J. Song, J. Huang and J. Lou, Surface Dislocation Nucleation Mediated Deformation and Ultrahigh strength in Sub-10nm Gold Nanowires, Nano Research, Vol. 4 (12), 1261-1267, 2011. DOI 10.1007/s12274-011-0177-y
  2. Z. Liu*, L. Hu, J. Liu, C. Qiu, H. Zhou, D. Hashim, G. Shi, C. Peng*, S. Najmaei*, L. Sun, J. Lou, and P. M. Ajayan, Correlation Between Droplet-Induced Strain Actuation and Voltage Generation in Single-Wall Carbon Nanotube Films, Nano Letters, Vol. 11 (12), 5117–5122, 2011. DOI: 10.1021/nl201910j
  3. Y. Lu*, J. Song, J. Huang and J. Lou, Fracture of Sub-20nm Ultrathin Gold Nanowires, Advanced Functional Materials, Vol. 21 (20), 3982–3989, 2011. DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201101224
  4. P. Dong*, C. Pint, M. Hainey*, F. Mirri, Y. Zhan*, J. Zhang, M. Pasquali, R.H. Hauge, R. Verduzco, M. Jiang, H. Lin and J. Lou, Vertically Aligned Single Wall Carbon Nanotubes as  Low-cost and High Electrocatalytic Counter Electrode for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, Vol. 3 (8), 3157–3161, 2011. DOI: 10.1021/am200659y
  5. Y. Lu* and J. Lou, Quantitative In-situ Nanomechanical Characterization of Metallic Nanowires, JOM, Vol. 63, no. 9, 35-42, 2011.
  6. J. Ma, Y. Sun*, K. Gleichauf, J. Lou and Q. Li, Nanostructure on Taro Leaves Resists Fouling by Colloids and Bacteria under Submerged Conditions, Langmuir, Vol. 27 (16), 10035–10040, 2011. DOI: 10.1021/la2010024
  7. Y. Lu*, C. Peng*, Y. Ganesan*, J. Huang and J. Lou, Quantitative In situ TEM Tensile Testing of an Individual Nickel Nanowire, Nanotechnology, Vol. 22, 355702-1-6, 2011.
  8. C. Peng*, Z. Jia, D. Bianculli*, T. Li and J. Lou, In Situ Electro-mechanical Experiments and Mechanics Modeling of Tensile Cracking in Indium Tin Oxide Thin Films on Polyimide Substrates, Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 109, 103530-1-7, 2011.
  9. Y. Zhan*, Y. Lu*, C. Peng*, and J. Lou, Solvothermal Synthesis and Mechanical Characterization of Single Crystalline Copper Nanorings, Journal of Crystal Growth, Vol. 325 (1), 76-80, 2011. DOI: 10.1016/j.jcrysgro.2011.04.031
  10. Z. Liu*, L. Song, S. Zhao, J. Huang, L. Ma, J. Zhang*, J. Lou and P.M. Ajayan, Direct Growth of Graphene/h-BN Stacked Layers, Nano Letters, Vol. 11 (5), 2032–2037, 2011. DOI: 10.1021/nl200464j
  11. Y. Ganesan*, C. Peng*, Y. Lu*, P. Loya*, P. Moloney, E. Barrera, J. Tour, B. Yakobson, R. Ballarini and J. Lou, Interface Toughness of MWNT Reinforced Epoxy Nanocomposites, ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, Vol. 3 (2), 129-134, 2011. DOI: 10.1021/am1011047
  12. H. Lu*, J. Zhang* and J. Lou, Localized Characterization of Chemical Functionalization Effects on Adhesion Properties of SWNT, Journal of Nanomaterials, Volume 2011, Article ID 145148, 1-5, 2011. DOI:10.1155/2011/145148


  1. Y. Ganesan*, C. Peng*, Y. Lu*, L. Ci, A. Srivastava, P.M. Ajayan and J. Lou, Effects of Nitrogen Doping on the Mechanical Properties of Carbon Nanotubes, ACS Nano, Vol. 4 (12), 7637-7643, 2010. DOI: 10.1021/nn102372w
  2. Z. Huang1, Y. Lu1,*, R. Majitha, J. Shah, K. Messiner, K.S. Matthews, S.E. Bondos and J. Lou, Size Dictates Mechanical Properties For Fibers Self-assembled By the Drosophila transcription factor Ultrabithorax, Biomacromolecules, Vol. 11 (12), 3644–3651, 2010. DOI: 10.1021/bm1010992 (1: contribute equally)
  3. L. Zhang, T. Petit, Y. Lu*, B. Kratochvil, K. Peyer, R. Pei*, J. Lou and B. Nelson, Controlled Propulsion and Cargo Transport of Rotating Nickel Nanowires near a Patterned Solid Surface, ACS Nano, Vol. 4 (10), 6228-6234, 2010. DOI: 10.1021/nn101861n
  4. L. Song, L. Ci, H. Lu*, P.B. Sorokin, C. Jin, J. Ni, A.G. Kvashnin, D.G. Kvashnin, J. Lou, B.I. Yakonbson and P.M. Ajayan, Large Scale Growth and Characterization of Atomic Hexagonal Boron Nitride Layers, Nano Letters, Vol. 10 (8), 3209-3215, 2010. DOI: 10.1021/nl1022139.
  5. Y. Ganesan*, Y. Lu*, C. Peng*, H. Lu*, R. Ballarini and J. Lou, Development and Application of a Novel Micro-fabricated device for In Situ Tensile Testing of 1-D Nanomaterials, Journal of Microelectromechanical Systems, Vol. 19 (3), 675-682, 2010.
  6. Y. Lu*, J. Huang, C. Wang, S. Sun and J. Lou, Cold Welding of Ultra-thin Gold Nanowires, Nature Nanotechnology, Vol. 5, 218-224, 2010. DOI: 10.1038/nnano.2010.4
  7. F. Landolsi, H. Lu*, Y. Sun*, F. Ghorbel and J. Lou, Regular and Reverse Nanoscale Stick-slip Behaviors:  Modeling and Experiments, Applied Surface Science, Vol. 256, 2577-2582, 2010.
  8. Y. Lu*, Y. Ganesan* and J. Lou, A Multi-step Method for In Situ Mechanical Characterization of 1-D Nanostructures Using a Novel Micromechanical Device, Experimental Mechanics, Vol. 50, 47-54, 2010.


  1. F. Landolsi, F. Ghorbel, J. Lou, H. Lu* and Y. Sun*, Nanoscale Friction Dynamic Modeling, Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement and Control, Vol. 131, 061102-1-7, 2009.
  2. A.M. Greer, Z. Huang, A. Oriakhi, Y. Lu*, J. Lou, K.S. Matthews and S. Bondos, the Drosophila transcription factor Ultrabithorax self assembles into protein-based biomaterials with multiple morphologies, Biomacromolecules, Vol. 10, 829-837, 2009.
  3. Y. Ganesan* and J. Lou, Mechanical Characterization of Carbon Nanotube Reinforced Polymer Matrix Nanocomposites – An Unfolding Story of Interface, JOM, Vol. 61, no. 1, 32-38, 2009.


  1. J. Lou, H. Lu*, J. Goldman*, F. Ding and B.I. Yakobson, Mesoscale Reverse Stick-slip Nanofriction Behavior of Vertically Aligned Multiwalled Carbon Nanotube Superlattices, Applied Physics Letter, Vol. 92, 203115-1-3, 2008. (Published also in the Virtual Journal of Nanoscale Science & Technology, Vol. 17, Issue 23, June 9, 2008;
  2. H. Lu*, J. Goldman*, F. Ding, Y. Sun*, V. Khabashesku, B. Yakobson and J. Lou, Friction and Adhesion Properties of Vertically Aligned Multi-walled Carbon Nanotube Arrays and Fluoro-Nanodiamond Films, Carbon, Vol. 46, 1294-1301, 2008.
  3. Y. Gao and J. Lou, Dislocation Nucleation and Pileup under a Wedge Contact at Nanoscale, Journal of Nanomaterials, Vol. 2008, Article ID 380961, 1-5, 2008.
  4. J. Lou and K.-S. Kim, Effects of Interface on Nano-friction Study of VAMWNT Arrays, Materials Science and Engineering A, Vol. 483-484, 664-667, 2008.
  5. Z. Xia, J. Lou and W.A Curtin, A Multi-scale Experiment on the Tribological Behavior of Aligned Carbon Nanotube/ceramic Composites, Scripta Materialia, Vol. 58, 223-226, 2008.


  1. Y. Yang, S. Allameh, J. Lou, B.I. Imasogie, B. Boyce, and W.O. Soboyejo, Fatigue of LIGA Ni Micro-Electro-Mechanical System Thin Films, Metallurgical & Materials Transactions A, Vol. 38 (2), 2340-2348, 2007.
  2. Y. Yang, B.I. Imasogie, S. Allameh, B. Boyce, K. Lian, J. Lou and W.O. Soboyejo, Mechanisms of Fatigue in LIGA Ni MEMS Thin Films, Materials Science and Engineering A, Vol. 444, 39-50, 2007.


  1. Z. Zong, J. Lou, O.O. Adewoye, A.A. Elmustafa, F. Hammad and W.O. Soboyejo, Indentation Size Effects in the Nano and Microhardness of FCC Single Crystal Metals, Materials Science and Engineering A, Vol. 434, 178-187, 2006.
  2. J. Lou, P. Shrotriya, S. Allameh, T. Buchheit and W.O. Soboyejo, Strain Gradient Plasticity Length Scale Parameters for LIGA Ni MEMS Thin Films, Materials Science and Engineering A, Vol. 441, 299-307, 2006.
  3. J. Lou, K. Bhalerao, A.B.O. Soboyejo and W.O. Soboyejo, An Investigation of the effects of mix strength on the fracture and fatigue behavior of concrete mortar, Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 41, 6973-6977, 2006.

2005 and before

  1. J. Lou, P. Shrotriya and W.O. Soboyejo, A Cyclic Micro-bend Study of LIGA Ni Thin Films for MEMS Applications, ASME Journal of Engineering Materials and Technology, Vol. 127, No. 1, 16-22, 2005.
  2. S. Allameh#, J. Lou#, F. Kavishe and W.O. Soboyejo, An Investigation of Fatigue in LIGA Ni MEMS Thin Films, Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. A371, 256-266, 2004. #Contribute Equally
  3. W.O. Soboyejo, W. Shen, J. Lou, C. Mercer, V. Sinha and A.B.O. Soboyejo, A probabilistic framework for the modeling of fatigue in cast lamellar gamma-based titanium aluminides, Mechanics of Materials, Vol. 36, Issues 1-2, 177-197, 2004.
  4. J. Lou, P. Shrotriya, T. Buchheit, D. Yang and W.O. Soboyejo, Nanoindentation study of plasticity length scale effects in LIGA Ni microelectromechanical systems structures, Journal of Materials Research, Vol. 18, No. 3, 719-728, 2003.
  5. J. Lou, S. Allameh, T. Buchheit and W.O. Soboyejo, An Investigation of the Effect of Thickness on Mechanical Properties of LIGA Ni MEMS Structures, Special Issue, Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 38, 4129-4135, 2003.
  6. J. Lou, P. Shrotriya, T. Buchheit, D. Yang and W.O. Soboyejo, A nano-indentation study on the plasticity length scale effects in LIGA Ni MEMS structures, Special Issue, Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 38, 4137-4143, 2003.
  7. P. Shrotriya, S.M. Allameh, J. Lou, T. Bucheit and W.O. Soboyejo, On the Measurement of the Plasticity Length-Scale Parameter in LIGA Nickel Foils, Mechanics of Materials, Vol. 35, Issues 3-6, 233-243, 2003.
  8. J. Lou, K. Bhalerao, A.B.O. Soboyejo and W.O. Soboyejo, An Investigation of Fracture Initiation and Resistance-Curve Behavior in Concrete, Cement and Concrete Composites, Vol. 25, Issue 6, 599-605, 2003.
  9. J. Lou, F. Ye, M. Li and W.O. Soboyejo, Ductile Layer Toughening of Brittle Intermetallic Composites, Journal of Materials Science, Vol. 37, 3023-3034, 2002.
  10. W.O. Soboyejo, W. Shen, J. Lou, C. Mercer, V. Sinha and A.B.O. Soboyejo, A probabilistic framework for the modeling of fatigue in a lamellar XD (TM) gamma titanium aluminide alloy, International Journal of Fatigue, Vol. 24, 69-81, 2002.
  11. J. Lou, C. Mercer and W.O. Soboyejo, An Investigation of the Effects of Temperature on Fatigue Crack Growth in a Cast Lamellar Ti-45Al-2Mn-2Nb+0.8 vol.% TiB2 Alloy, Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. A319, 618-624, 2001.
  12. C. Mercer, J. Lou, S. Allameh and W.O. Soboyejo, Effects of Temperature on Fatigue Crack Growth in Cast Lamellar Gamma-based Titanium Aluminide Intermetallics, Metallurgical & Materials Transactions A, Vol. 32 (11), 2781-2794, 2001.
  13. J. Lou and W.O. Soboyejo, An Investigation of the Effects of Loading Rate on Resistance-Curve Behavior in Cast Lamellar Gamma-Based Titanium Aluminides, Metallurgical & Materials Transactions A, Vol. 32 (2), 325-337, 2001.
  14. C. Mercer, J. Lou and W.O. Soboyejo, An Investigation of Fatigue Crack Growth in a Cast Lamellar Ti-48Al-2Cr-2Nb Alloy, Materials Science and Engineering, Vol. A284, 235-245, 2000.

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